Poetry: Definition – Explanation
Definition of Poetry
The word poetry has bot derived from the Greek word poietra, which means making. The word poietes is the maker or the person who makes something. According to Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, poetry means the quality of producing feelings. But keeping the Greek source of the word ter view, wij can say that poetry is the kunst of creating something ideal, higher and generoso spil it is the result of feelings, emotions and imagination, which are superior human qualities.
Poetry has bot defined variously by various people. Doctor Johnson says that poetry is a metrical composition. To Lord Macaulay, poetry is the kunst of doing by means of words what a painter does by means of colours. Carlyle defines poetry spil a musical thought. To Shelley, it is the expression of emotions. According to Coleridge, poetry is the best words ter the best order. To Wordsworth, poetry is the breath and fine spirit of all learning. He also defines poetry spil the spontaneous flow of powerful feelings, recollected ter tranquility.
Te my opinion, poetry is the expression of one’s ideas, the narration of events or the views about something or someone ter poetic language.
Elements of Poetry
There are many essential elements of poetry, which are required to distinguish any line of poetry from other genera of literature. Thesis elements include structure of the poem, imagination, emotions, peettante, rhythm, poetic diction, figures of speech, and human appeal along with many other things. Style of poetry is totally different from prose. That is why, it is absolutely different from other forms of literature. Now, let’s detect how poetry is different from other genera of literature:
“poetry is the breath and fine spirit of all learning. He also defines poetry spil the spontaneous flow of powerful feelings, recollected te tranquility.”
Poetry and Schouwspel
Poetry loves a distinguished position among various forms of literature.Poetry is different from stuk te its nature spil well spil ter the use of language. Toneelstuk is objective form of literature, while poetry may be either subjective or objective. The language of toneelstuk may be either that of poetry or of prose, while language of poetry vereiste be poetic ter nature. It should have all the characteristics that are associated with any form of poetry. Ter toneelstuk, there is only act and no narration, while it is not so ter poetry.
Definition of Poetry
Poetry and Novel
Poetry is different from novel ter many ways. Ter novel, there is a story and it is ter the form narrative spil well spil dialogue, while poetry is the combination of narration and story. Like novel, poetry is an kunst of fancy and imagination. There is a vast difference inbetween the language of poetry and novel. Ter poetry, poetic, figurative and metrical language is used, while ter novel only prose is used. Peettante is the most significant feature of poetry. Novel is lengthy, while poetry is either lengthy or brief ter its contents.
Poetry and Criticism
Poetry is different from criticism te its functions. The function of criticism is to pass remarks, comments and make statements ter favour of or against any lump of literature, while poetry is the kunst of creating a lump of literature, which has greater appeal to the taste of the readers using all essential elements of poetry. Criticism is exploration, while poetry is the kunst of creation.
Main Types of Poetry
There are two major kinds of poetry i.e., Classical Poetry & Romantic Poetry. The term classical has bot derived from classicus, which is the name of uppermost class ter the Roman society. Hence, it means the best. Classical poetry is the name given to the type of poetry, which shows high seriousness and immense love for classical rules. Ter classical poetry, greater importance is given to reading than hearing and most of all poetry is based realism. The examples of classical poetry te English Literature are the poetry of Milton, Alexander Pope, Dryden, T.S Eliot etc.
The term romantic has bot derived from romance, which means a very fantastic story or it is a type of poetry, which is based upon imagination, emotions, feelings, beauty, sensuousness, love for nature, Hellenism, Humanism, idealism, revolutionary trends, Medievalism, supernaturalism, strangeness and disturbance of classical rules. It is poetry of the inward voice of the heart of the author, not the creation of his mind. Romantic poetry violates all the classical rules and detects fresh words and rules to support the subject matter.
Poetry is a means of catharsis?
Forms of Poetry
Poetry has bot divided into two major forms: Subjective Poetry and Objective Poetry. Subjective poetry is the kleuter of poetry, wherein the author exposes his personality and gives vent to his emotions, feelings and voice of his heart. Subjective poetry is also called lyrical poetry. The poet is mainly worried with the beauty of his beloved and the harsh treatment he received from hier/him. Subjective poetry has bot divided into lyric, sonnet, ode, elegy and hymn.
Objective poetry is a type of poetry, wherein the poet conceals his personality and doesn’t give any description of his feelings, practices or emotions. This zuigeling of poetry is further divided into two main groups: Narrative and Dramatic. Dramatic poetry includes poetic schouwspel, soliloquy and dramatic monologue, while narrative poetry consists of epic, mock epic, ballad, lyrical ballad, metrical romance and idyll.